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Which is Better – a CV or Resume for Freshers?

Do you often wonder about the difference between a CV and a resume? Is it confusing when one employer asks for your CV, and another wants you to make a resume for freshers? Well, you are not alone! Most people, and for that matter, several recruiters, use these terms interchangeably in an Indian context. However, there are some key differences between the two that you should know to use the correct one when applying for a job and higher studies. This knowledge can come in handy, especially, when applying to other countries.

What is a CV?

CV is short for Curriculum Vitae, which is a Latin term for the course of life. It suggests that a CV should be a detailed document and describe your career journey step-by-step without omitting any detail. Besides, it should also contain your personal information, education, achievements like rewards, accomplishments like certifications and publications, etc. In short, it should have all the information about you.

When a person looks at a cv for freshers or professionals, they should instantly know about the career trajectory of the candidate and identify if they are suitable for the role. For this reason, you must update your CV every time there is a change worth mentioning. It could be your academic achievement or a professional one.

A CV can be as long as you want it to be. There is no thumb rule here. However, you may want to restrict it to 3-4 pages, or if necessary, extend it to 8-10 pages.

If there is one more important thing that you may want to remember, it is that your CV is a static document. You can use the same copy for all your applications.

A CV is used if you are applying for higher education overseas or a position in the educational field like a teacher or professor.

Your CV should contain the following information:

  • Full name
  • Contact information
  • Professional title, resume summary
  • Research interests
  • Education
  • Publications (both academic papers and books)
  • Teaching or lecturing experience
  • Work experience
  • Conferences and courses
  • Skills
  • Certificates
  • Languages
  • Grants of fellowships
  • References


What is a Resume?

A resume is a French word, which is short for a summary. Thus, a resume is a short document that describes your career trajectory in a concise yet impactful way. The ideal length of a resume for a fresher or a professional with a couple of years of experience is one-page. If you have significant work experience that runs into ten years or more, you can extend it to two pages. The typical thumb rule is one page for every 10 years of work experience.

The assumption here is that the reader will not spend too much time on your resume. A glance will be enough to identify if you are eligible for the role. For this reason, it is not necessary to include all your education and professional details.

Since it is a concise document, the objective is to make it as impressive as you can to have a competitive edge over your competitors. For this purpose, it is advisable to modify your resume to match the position you are applying for. Tailoring it to match the job description is prudent to stand out from your competition.

Your resume should contain the following:
  • Full name
  • Contact information
  • Professional summary
  • Work experience
  • Education
  • Relevant skills
  • Extracurricular activities

Here is a summary of the differences between a CV and a Resume.

Factor CV Resume
Emphasis The academic qualification/s that makes you an expert Skills that make you eligible for a job and focus on your contributions
Use Higher studies, fellowship, advanced research, jobs in academia Jobs, internships, placements
Length Detailed – canextend to 20 pages Concise – notmore than 2 pages; One page for every decade of work experience
Format Educational qualification always comes first, followed by professional experience A person with more than two years of experience can place the experience section before the education segment
References Required Not required
Modification None required. You can use the same document for all purposes Tailormade for different job opportunities


For both, CV and resume, it is not desirable to include your photograph in your CV or resume. You can share your photograph only when asked by the employer.

When applying for a job, you must make resumes that are impressive to get a competitive edge and attract the attention of the recruiter. VIPApplicant is a platform that can help you in making the best version of your resume. You can click here to use this ai based resume builder to make your resume today.

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